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You are here: Home / Papers / OptiDICE: Offline Policy Optimization via Stationary Distribution Correction Estimation

Jongmin Lee*, Wonseok Jeon*, Byung-Jun Lee, Joelle Pineau, and Kee-Eung Kim (2021)

OptiDICE: Offline Policy Optimization via Stationary Distribution Correction Estimation

In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Machine Learning (ICML).

We consider the offline reinforcement learning (RL) setting where the agent aims to optimize the policy solely from the data without further environment interactions. In offline RL, the distributional shift becomes the primary source of difficulty, which arises from the deviation of the target policy being optimized from the behavior policy used for data collection. This typically causes overestimation of action values, which poses severe problems for model-free algorithms that use bootstrapping. To mitigate the problem, prior offline RL algorithms often used sophisticated techniques that encourage underestimation of action values, which introduces an additional set of hyperparameters that need to be tuned properly. In this paper, we present an offline RL algorithm that prevents overestimation in a more principled way. Our algorithm, OptiDICE, tightly integrates the optimization of the target policy and the stationary distribution ratio estimation of the target policy and the behavior policy. Using an extensive set of benchmark datasets for offline RL, we show that OptiDICE performs competitively with the state-of-the-art methods.